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华盛顿秦腔社简介Introduction of Washington Qinqiang Opera Club

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Pan 发表于 28-12-2015 16:10:07 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 Pan 于 12-1-2019 13:09 编辑

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华盛顿秦腔社简介
Introduction of Washington Qinqiang Opera Club (WQOC)
(最后更新:2017-9-17)

                Qinqiang opera, also known as Shaanxi opera, is the most important opera in Northwest China. Of all the Chinese operas, Qinqiang has the longest history and is therefore known as the ancestor of all Chinese operas.
                The Chinese word 秦腔 (Qinqiang) is made up of two Chinese characters, 秦(qin) and 腔(qiang). Qiang simply means the singing tone, whereas Qin refers to the territory of Qin Kingdom during China’s Warrying States period (475-221 BC), which includes most part of today’s Shaanxi, Gansu, and Ningxia provinces. Qin Kingdom eventually conquered other kingdoms, unified China and established Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC). Qinqiang literally means the tone of Qin. Some scholars believe that the primitive form of Qinqiang opera was born in Qin Dynasty. If so, Qinqiang opera is at least 2200 years old.
                Xi'an and the surrounding areas are the center of Qinqiang. Xi'an, the capital city of Shaanxi Province and the starting point of the ancient Silk Road, was the capital of China for 13 dynasties including the two most powerful and influential dynasties in Chinese history, namely  the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD) and the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907 AD).  The officially-written history shows that Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty (685-762), who ruled China from 710 to 756 at peak of Tang Dynasty, was fond of opera and had established a royal opera troupe. He was regarded as the Ancestor of Opera by all opera performers in China. Living in Xi'an, Emperor Xuanzong's opera had to be an ancient form of Qinqiang instead of any other kind of operas. If Emperor Xuanzong is regarded as the starting point of Qinqiang, then Qinqiang has a history of at least 1300 years, surpassing  any other operas in China.
                Washington Qinqiang Opera Club (WQOC) was established in August 22, 2009. We are a group of Qinqiang lovers living in Washington DC and nearby areas. We have entertained the local communities in the Greater Washington Area with Qinqiang at various cultural events such as Asian Festival and the annual New Year Gala of the Northwestern Chinese American Association of Greater Washington (NCAAGW). Of course, we also entertained ourselves. We are having a lot of fun together. We welcome all to join us.
President: Qiyuan Pan
Vice President: Xiaochun (Sabrina) Lei, Shihong Yang, Yuhong Liu, Gengcheng Yang
Treasure: Yali Pan
Honorary President: Shaoqin Lu, Fang Wang, Qiyuan Pan
Art Director: Aiyun Qi
Instrument consultant: Yanhong He
Email: Sabrina_Lei@yahoo.com; Phone: 571-437-2962


     秦腔即秦地之腔。秦腔流行之地乃战国时期的秦国故地,十三朝古都西安乃秦腔之都,现在依然是秦腔的中心。“秦中自古帝王州”,中国人引以为傲的“汉唐盛世”的首都都在西安,那些个时代西安是中国的政治、经济文化中心,在某些历史时期甚至是世界的文化中心。西安是中华文明和中华民族的重要发祥地,丝绸之路的起点。有些学者认为原始的秦腔早在两千二百多年前的秦朝就已经诞生。中国戏曲共宗唐明皇为祖。唐明皇祖籍甘肃,生活在长安,喜欢看戏。他组建了中国第一个戏班。他的戏班唱什么戏?不可能是京剧,不可能是昆曲,也不可能是别的什么戏,只能是那个时代的秦腔。若从梨园祖师唐明皇时代算起,秦腔已有1300年历史。秦腔是历史最悠久的中国戏曲。
     讲中华文化,不能不讲戏曲;讲中国戏曲,不能不讲秦腔。从历史长短、流行区域面积大小、流行人口众寡、剧目多少、综合艺术的完美程度、对其它戏曲发展的影响大小等六大因素综合打分,秦腔应该是中国戏曲之冠。
     传承秦腔,匹夫有责。作为西北人,我们愿珍视秦腔,听秦腔,玩秦腔,学秦腔,演秦腔。因此,我们要搞华盛顿秦腔社。我们是居住在美国首府华盛顿及其附近地区的秦腔之友。在美国玩秦腔,困难重重。有困难不要紧,咱接着玩就是了,玩不了高级的咱就玩初级的。物以稀为贵,在这里玩秦腔者只此一家,无论水平如何,每次演出都是第一,潇洒!
     华盛顿秦腔社隶属于美国华盛顿中国西北同乡会,前身是西北文艺社,建社日期是2009年8月22日。我们既自娱,又娱人,珍视友谊,追求轻松欢乐,向地球上的所有生灵敞开大门。欢迎加入华盛顿秦腔社。

社长:潘启元(2019上任)
副社长:雷晓春(2019上任) 杨世宏(2017上任),刘玉红(2019上任),杨庚成(2019上任)
会计:潘亚丽(2015上任)
名誉社长:卢少琴(2009上任),王芳(2014上任;2015回北京),潘启元(2016上任)
艺术指导:齐爱云(中国西安;2014上任)
器乐顾问:贺雁红(中国西安;2012上任)

退休领导雷晓春(社长2016-2018)潘启元(社长2011-2015)冯宁平(副社长2014 - 2015; 2017-2018)穆建西 (副社长2015-2018)杨世宏(副社长2011-2014)吴琪(副社长2016-2018)顾磊(艺术指导2014-2018)
联系邮箱: Sabrina_Lei@yahoo.com; 电话: 571-437-2962
网址:http://ncaagw.org/WQOC/

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